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Rubber Technology Rubber manufacturing is a component of rubber technology that centers on transforming elastomers also called rubbers. The transformation turns rubber into important products that include rubber mats, automobile tires, as well as exercise rubber stretching bands. The process apply different materials such as natural rubber, latex, and synthetic rubber as well as different polymeric materials. Polymeric materials constitute thermoplastic elastomers. Rubber manufacturing entails processing rubber using many techniques. The methods put into perspective elements of a range of items. The rubber manufacturing process is an aspect of vulcanization. Vulcanization is all-round. It constitutes heating using a small amount of sulphur. An equivalent cross-linking heating agent can also be used during vulcanization. It controls polymer chains through a range of temperature. Charles Goodyear is credited for discovering the process of vulcanization in the 19th century. Rubber manufacturing using vulcanization uses a restricted method to polymer chains. The chains have a double bond in its backbone. Materials with a double bond include polybutadiene and natural rubber. They come in various forms. Elastomeric state of rubber manufacturing is unstable as the chains can slip over each other.
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The material experiences in increase in stress relaxation or creep when loaded. It also happens when the product is under static state. Most applications require strengthening during practical applications. Methods are mastication and other operations. Identified processes are extrusion, calendaring and mixing. All the processes are important to transform rubber into a stable and suitable position. It helps in giving shape to the product of rubber manufacturing.
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Mastication minces polymer chains and reduces the molecular mass to lower viscosity. Lower levels of viscosity are necessary for further processing. It is possible to masticate rubber into a two-roll mill within the industrial mixer. Industrial mixers are available in various forms. It is effective in various forms. The first step in rubber manufacturing is compounding the material with additives. Listed additives are accelerators, carbon black and sulphur. The mixture turns the material into a ‘compound’ that looks like dough. Initially, rubber manufacturing uses natural rubber. It was also called caoutchouc or India rubber. Latex comes from Indonesia and Malaysia mainly. Forms of polyisoprene used during rubber manufacturing are collectively referred to as elastomers. Rubber destined for manufacturing is harvested in form of latex. In its features, latex is milky colloid whose off-the-mark applies in making incisions in the bark, it is sticky and features that help when collecting the fluid in channels. It is the preparation stage that readies the material for processing. Most processes allow latex to coagulate into the collecting jar. Rubber manufacturing uses different varieties. They include dandelion, Congo Rubber and Hevea brasilensis among others. It is trusted for being waterproof. Hevea brasilensis is the biggest source of natural latex. It is a member of the surge family.